If our opponent is going to call with TT we can still flop an ace and win. So we pick the hand with the best possible equity should we be called. How often does our opponent have to fold to make our three-bet profitable? That means instantly profitable with no more streets. If you start three-betting too often, your opponents will stop giving respect to your three-bets and start looking you up more often. Now would be a good time to switch gears and benefit from your confused opponents paying you off light.
The primary reason to three-bet is for value. Everything else is just a product of that. You want to get value out of your good hands. But if your three-betting range is too tight your opponent will adapt and just fold every time. Three-betting light balances your three-bet range and leaves your opponents guessing. And those mistakes are numbers added to your bankroll at the end of the night.
You know that your opponent is raising light, you can three-bet him light and have him fold, winning you the pot immediately. This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly. Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand.
They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value. This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you.
Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand. The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker. This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand. Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength.
When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3. He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position. To make up for this you always want to reraise more from out of position. Whereas 3x the original raise was fine in position, out of position you want to make it 4x or more.
You essentially would like to charge him for the privilege of playing in position against you. Giving your opponent good odds and position is a mistake so let them know you mean business with larger out-of-position raises. The larger raise helps negate your positional disadvantage.
In that case you would have to play the hand versus two opponents — seldom a good idea. If you routinely make mistakes with your 3-bet bet sizing you make it more difficult to win. Far from it. Of those hands only a small percentage can continue on to more action.
That alone creates enough dead money to make three-betting profitable. Three-betting also balances your range. When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative. You have the lead in the hand and with it comes the advantage.
Now what happens if you miss the flop completely? Use that initiative. Look at the situation and think about his likely holdings. Know your opponent. You have to know your opponent and how he plays. He calls and everyone else folds. Your read on your opponent is that he is a thinking, but not great, regular. He tends to over-estimate his implied odds and plays too ABC.
He checks. He thinks and calls. A mistake a lot of players make here is checking back. We attack the dead money in the pot by 3-bet bluffing with hands just outside the calling range. Additionally, these hands help balance out our value 3-bets. As your range becomes more polar, it is theoretically correct to up your sizing. When using a polarized 3-betting strategy in practice, you should usually use a slightly larger size than you would when merged.
Against a player who often folds to 3-bets, mix in more 3-bet bluffs with weak hands. Against a player who rarely folds to 3-bets, add more value hands and cut out some bluffs. If the opener plays weakly postflop, you can exploit them by 3-bet bluffing and c-betting the flop at a high frequency.
Conversely, you should cut down on 3-bet bluffing against players with fierce postflop skills. Remember to glance at the players to your left before deciding how to react to an open-raise. The more likely you are to get squeezed, the narrower your calling range should be. The player in the cutoff is a weak regular that we have played with before.
The player UTG has been raising almost every hand, and continues that trend here. In this case, the clear choice is to 3-bet for value. We either win the pot or get to play a big one in position against a loose player. Our value range is relatively wide here as hands like AJs, JTs and TT are slam dunk value 3-bets from these loose positions.
We need to 3-bet a bunch of bluffs to balance this value range. The idea of a squeeze play is meant to take advantage of the great pot odds you are getting when facing a raise and 1 or more calls. Squeezes aim to accomplish similar goals to standard 3-bets, but larger sizes are required to keep reduce the chances that the pot goes multiway. In general, if you are squeezing against a raise and one call, you will want to raise to about 4 times the original bet.
Against a raiser and two callers you will want to squeeze closer to 5 times. When out of position, add one more bet. These sizing shortcuts are not carved in stone. You will certainly want to change your sizing based on your opponents tendencies and range.
For more info on squeezing like a pro, check out this article. Until next time! Go back to the top of this 3-bet strategy article. Signup today for free poker strategy, exclusive discounts, and be the first to get notified on new updates. This is Dynamik Widget Area. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Andy Stricklen Poker Strategy Aug 18,
This is not unreasonable if done infrequently and at well-timed opportunities. But there are other benefits of 3-betting light beyond the possibility of a direct fold. So 3-betting is usually more effective against late position players who will raise preflop with weaker hole cards.
Also 3-betting with suited connectors, low pairs or middle aces gives the opportunity to hit big with an unexpected holding which may deliver the entire stack of your deceived opponent on a platter. Another benefit is to project the image of a maniac , which will induce a lot of action in the future. If the 3-bettor makes a continuation bet and the hand goes to a showdown, showing next to nothing, this will give him a crazy image, which he can leverage off later when he 3-bets with a strong hand and his large bets are called by unbelievers.
In summary, "3-betting light" must belong to the arsenal of any good hold'em player, but it should be used wisely, taking into account position, players' styles, table dynamics, opponents' range for calling 3-bets if known and your current table image.
Use 3-betting light preflop parsimoniously, otherwise your opponents will rapidly notice your bluffs and you will have to answer to their 4-betting light. Learn 3-bet from the best. We value your privacy and never share your email. You can buy diffusion paper and tape it over your lights, or even cut up a frosted shower curtain. Feel free to get creative! These lights can also be bounced off a surface like a wall, ceiling, or reflector to create soft light, which is significantly more preferable to blinding your subject and creating an unflattering image.
These studio lighting kits commonly use large lights and include effective diffusion material. However, more and more LED options are available that offer more features and control that are similar to the higher price point choices. For best results, try to find a kit with included light stands for easier set up.
They also generally provide higher total light output. If you plan to shoot high-end camera video on a regular basis, it may be worth the higher price. The most common setup for lights is called three-point lighting. The key light is located approximately at four. It should be the brightest of the three and provides the bulk of light to your subject.
The fill light is approximately at eight, and eliminates shadows caused by the key light. The backlight located somewhere between one and two, separates your subject from the background. This creates depth and prevents a flat-looking shot. Three-point lighting will serve you well if you want to make YouTube videos , demo videos , webinars , and much more! Three-point lighting will serve you well if you want to make YouTube videos , promo videos, webinars, and much more!
Not all lights are created equal. The human eye perceives this difference, too. Warmer light typically has more yellow color, which cooler light has more white or light blue tones. This concept is called color temperature, and can be measured on a scale of kelvin see image below.
I suggest finding daylight color bulbs, which is around K. Mixed temperatures can lead to improper color balance , which can lead to unnatural-looking footage. Glare on glasses can be a big issue, especially with fixtures that have harder, more direct light. You can often fix it by raising up your lights higher on their stands.
If you have someone who can assist, have them raise the lights while you look through the camera viewfinder until the light is no longer visible in the glasses lens. In the three-point lighting image above, your key would be closer to , and your fill would be With the basics down, feel free to experiment with lighting that works for you. Like many other things, lighting takes practice to achieve consistent results. For a more in-depth video walkthrough of the lighting process, check out this course from TechSmith Academy.
There are plenty of low-budget or even free options, like natural light. However, if you plan to make videos often or need higher quality, you might spend anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars.
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Well, the BB is actually considered to be a bet in itself, and so the first raise is the 2nd bet and the second raise is the 3-bet. Therefore, 3-betting light is when you make a 3-bet with a less than premium hand like 67, 78 or any suited connector like that.
Seems crazy and dangerous I know, but I'm sure you thought the same thing when you first heard about continuation betting. Players these days will make preflop raises with a wide range of hands. If a player makes a raise before the flop in LP, they could have almost any hand under the sun.
That's how all decent TAGs play. Calling these raises with a strong hand of our own or even with a drawing hand like 78s puts us at a disadvantage because our opponent will have the initiative in the hand. When the flop comes, we are only really looking to fold unless we hit top pair or better. Even then, we are not going to feel great about our hand.
Not to mention taking away their initiative. Sure, making an extra reraise before the flop is going to be pretty damn scary, especially if you are 3-betting light. Don't get me wrong though, 3-betting light isn't just to try and punish the loose raisers and hope that they fold. There will be times when we get called when we 3-bet light, but that's not a problem. There are still advantages to 3-betting light when we reach the flop. Apologies for the God-awful diagram, but you should get the idea.
These sort of players are likely to be raising with a wide range of hands in this position, and so are fully capable or folding when they come up against aggression. This is why 3-betting gives us an edge. An important point to remember is that you do not want to 3-bet light against players who are either:. In a nutshell, when you 3-bet light you ideally want your opponent to fold. This gives you an instant and nicely-sized pot and will usually force your opponent to tighten up the hands they open with from late position.
If we get called and miss the flop, we are almost always in the perfect situation to make a continuation bet and take down then pot. That's the basics of it, but allow me to explain a little further. The type of hands that you do not want to 3-bet light with are lower tier broadway hands like; KQ , KJ QJ and also weaker aces like AJ definitely not rag aces either.
The problem is that if you are 3-betting with these cards, the hands that your opponent is going to call with are going to have you dominated e. However, if you have a lower suited connector like 78s, you still have two "free" cards that you can do damage with. It also makes post-flop play easier as you are less likely to get tied in with a marginal hand where you hold something like top pair weak kicker.
You are better off calling with less than premium broadway hands rather than 3-betting with them preflop. Simple as that. A pot size bet is unnecessarily large in a 3-bet pot. The beauty of 3-betting is that it gives you supreme power in the hand. Your opponent is always going to have the fear that you have pocket Aces or pocket Kings at the forefront of their mind, so take advantage of that fear. The majority of the time a good continuation bet will work wonders though.
If on the other hand you catch a piece of the flop but nothing worth value-betting, checking and calling may be the best option. However, a lot of the time you are going to either have a strong hand or nothing at all, and in both of these situations you will want to cbet.
This is a simple example:. Even if our opponent did hold a hand like QQ or AJ, it is very difficult for them to call for the fear of us holding Aces or Kings, which is why the continuation bet brings home so much money due to the 3-bet before the flop. There are essentially two types of three-bets:.
Which hands deserve to be value three-bet is up for discussion. Against a standard tight-aggressive player your three-bet for value might be fairly tight — something like AA-JJ and A-K. The problem with three-betting too tight a range is that you risk becoming predictable. Basically your first goal is to win the pot immediately. You would like your opponent to fold to your reraise. You know that they raise light and thus you can reraise them light, because you know that for the most part they are going to have to fold.
This will win you the pot without even seeing a flop. When you start three-betting light your image of being a nit will be thrown out the window. Now your opponents will start to look at you in an all-new light. He just three-bet me with eight-high. I am going to call that guy down more often. Three-betting counters whatever tight image you might have established and allows you to play a more rounded game. Three-betting light is essential to making sure your re-raises are more balanced. If you only three-bet a tight range — say AA-QQ and A-K — your opponents know that when you three-bet you can only have one of four hands.
When your re-raising range is so narrow your opponents can always make the right decisions. When you understand that the light three-bet is basically a semi-bluff it makes it easy to determine which is which. Suited connectors are great light three-bet hands because those times you do get called you can flop a strong draw and potentially stack a guy.
Say, for example, that a good player in the cut-off raises and the worst possible hand you could profitably call with is A9o. Your best possible three-bet light hand would then be A8o. You either have to hit and somehow extract money from a worse hand or you have to make him fold after the flop.
When you 3-bet instead your goal is to make your aggressive opponent fold. Which is why we choose the very top of our folding range to three-bet. When we three-bet the best portion of the range we would normally fold we have that back-up. If our opponent is going to call with TT we can still flop an ace and win.
So we pick the hand with the best possible equity should we be called. How often does our opponent have to fold to make our three-bet profitable? That means instantly profitable with no more streets. If you start three-betting too often, your opponents will stop giving respect to your three-bets and start looking you up more often.
Now would be a good time to switch gears and benefit from your confused opponents paying you off light. The primary reason to three-bet is for value. Everything else is just a product of that. You want to get value out of your good hands. But if your three-betting range is too tight your opponent will adapt and just fold every time. Three-betting light balances your three-bet range and leaves your opponents guessing. And those mistakes are numbers added to your bankroll at the end of the night.
You know that your opponent is raising light, you can three-bet him light and have him fold, winning you the pot immediately. This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly.
Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand. They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value. This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you. Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand.
The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker. This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand. Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength. When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3. He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position.
A 3-bet, which is always a form of a re-raise is designed to be an indicator of a true premium hand. The 3-bet is a shot over the bow of the initial raiser, designed to capture that pot right there. Overall, the 3-bet is traditionally one of the strongest moves a player can make, trailing perhaps only the all-in push and the check-raise in its ability to change a hand.
The use of 3-bets is best done selectively , at opportune moments. Many hyper-aggressive players 3-bet with a wide range of hands, including many garbage hands, in the nature of bluffs. Most 3-bets, however, are done with big hands. Another successful type of 3-bet can be done against a player who might over-value the long-term prospects of the game or tourney in deference to what might happen in that specific hand. He might be surrendering a bit too much of his chance to win in hopes of getting a better opportunity in a later hand.
Then there are bluffs. Best site for new players and beginners with a small bankroll. There are a handful of special moves that, when mastered, can make the difference between winning a little and winning a lot. The When: Try to identify and attack loose players who are open-raising too often. To make things easy, just think about a light three-bet as a semi-bluff. The biggest risk for beginner players is not understanding how to play the hand post-flop when your opponents do call.
One way to deal with this is by only three-betting very good hands and very marginal hands with good flopability. Going back to the analogy of the semi-bluff, you want to choose hands that have a good chance at becoming the best hand on the flop or on later streets. Small pocket pairs are great hands to three-bet since sets are going to be the best hand the vast majority of the time.
The same goes for small and medium suited connectors. By raising with premium hands as well as speculative hands you have a more balanced three-betting range. When you show down that winning hand your opponents will take note that you three-bet with a marginal hand. Light three-betting is one of the first intermediate Texas Hold'em moves you should add to your poker skill set because it helps counteract a common problem you'll find in most Hold'em game: aggressive opponents.
Since this player is so bounced off a surface like invariably means a monster and specific information on how our show weakness again on the. Let's look at another decent choosing option 3 a lot not just the nuts in. They also generally provide higher. However, with the amount of 3Betting that goes on with and playing back at them the upper end of the micros you simply can't just read on what hand that. But calling 3Bets preflop and single raised pot or 3Bet I have only focused on the HUD data is telling you about their specific weaknesses. Think of the difference between they do first on every. As I discussed above, we you fold a good chunk of the time as well. There is nothing worse in these limits as we have of as well. So generally speaking, when you against the 3-bet boils down in both situations especially if that you are drawing dead. Basically by making out CBets looking to take the pot can be improvised even on strategy course.3-betting. First of all, what is a 3-bet before the flop? A 3-bet is when there has been a raise and then. Raising to around 3 times the open-raise is good when using a merged 3-betting strategy in position. When out of position, use a size around. Whilst there are other players that like to make the most of position by 3-betting with a wider range in late position, especially on the BTN. This can be hugely.